Forelæsning i Biyun metoden, Prof. højskolen METROPOL – ergoterapi uddannelsen, KBH 17.9.13
EFFEKTER OG FORSKNING I QI GONG
RECOVERY, STRESS, SPISEFORSTYRRELSER M.M.
SINGLE CASE STUDY
Qigong and mindfulness-based mood recovery:
Exercise experiences from a single case John Jouper, PhD a,*, Mattias Johansson at Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, SE-701 82 Örebro, Sweden b Dalarna University, Sweden Received 12 March 2012; received in revised form 7 June 2012; accepted 10 June 2012.
Summary Sara, the participant in this single case study, had to leave work due to burnout. She is now recovered and working, but still complains of disturbed moods and worries about getting burned out again. The aim of this study was to, by way of Qigong and mindfulness exercise, increase the participant’s positive mood to a functional level and to increase exercise experiences by combining mindfulness and Qigong practice. The professional practice intervention was planned to last twelve weeks, combining mindfulness practice and three different Qigong exercise techniques. Exercise behavior was noted daily, stress-energy and wellness were followed up weekly, and mindfulness was followed up after four, nine and 12 weeks. Sara feels that her moods (more energy, wellness and joy, as well as less stress and worry) have stabilized at a high level (good to very good), and her mindfulness score also improved to a high level (4.2 on a six-point scale). Sara also states that she enjoys life more: accepts stressful situations as they are, is less worried about becoming burned out again, and is more open to life. Exercise professionals may use mindfulness practice and Qigong exercise when recovering moods, probably even better in preventing burnout syndromes.
ª 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
People who suffer from disturbed moods like high stress, exhaustion, anxiety and depression feel a declining quality of life and may develop serious illness such as burnout. Burnout may be defined as a psychological syndrome of emotional exhaustion (e.g. emotional resources are depleted), depersonalization (e.g. negative and cynical attitude towards other), and reduced personal accomplishment (e.g. tendency to evaluate oneself negatively) (Maslach et al., 1997). There are several exercise methods that may have been shown to help to improve mood and health, including: mindfulness (Hofmann et al., 2010), Qigong (Jouper et al., 2006), yoga (Streeter et al., 2010) and Tai Chi (Larkey et al., 2010). Despite the proven benefits associated with these methods, about 50% drop out of the exercise programs within a couple of weeks (Ingeldew et al., 1998) and do not achieve the expected.
* Corresponding author.
E-mail address: email@example.com (J. Jouper).
Please cite this article in press as: Jouper, J., Johansson, M., Qigong and mindfulness-based mood recovery: Exercise experiences from a single case, Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies (2012), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2012.06.004 1360-8592/$ – see front matter ª 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2012.06.004.
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Journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/jbmt
Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies (2012) xx, 1e8